Baijnath is famous for its ancient temples, located at an altitude of 1126 mts, on the banks of the Gomti River in the Bageshwar district of Uttarakhand. The town draws its name from the Baijnath temple. It is one of the important places to visit in Bageshwar (Kumaon region) because of its historical and religious importance.
Thousands of tourists visit this place during Mahashivratri to visit the temple dedicated to Lord Vaidyanatha (Shiva as the lord of physicians).
The main temple houses a beautiful idol of Parvati is chiselled in black stone. The temple is approached from the riverside by a flight of steps made of stones constructed by the orders of a Katyuri queen. On the way to the main temple, just below the house of the Mahanta, is the temple of Bamani.
Just outside the temple complex there lies a lake full of fishes "Golden Mahaseer" and fishing is strictly restricted and it is a major tourist attraction tourists and pilgrims can offer aata and chana to fishes.
History of Baijnath
The temples of Baijnath Mandir are said to be built by the Kumaon Katyuri king in around 1150 A.D. Baijnath was the capital of Katyuri Kings, who ruled the area from 7th-11th century AD, then it was known as Kartikeyapura and lies in the centre of Katyur valley
Baijnath Legend and Mythology
According to Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva and Parvati were married at the confluence of River Gomati and Garur Ganga. The temples are dedicated to SivaVaidyanatha, the Lord of Physicians, the Baijnath temple is actually a temple complex built by the Katyuri kings with the idols of Shiva, Ganesh, Parvati, Chandika, Kuber, Surya and Brahma.
Legends also goes that the temple was built by a Brahmin woman and dedicated to Lord Shiva.
- Bhramri Devi Temple: around 2 km from Baijnath there is a temple of Bhagwati Mata Kot Bhramri Devi Temple or (Kot Ka Mandir), which once was a fort owned by the Katyuri Kings. Also there is a myth that Adiguru Shankaracharya stayed on this temple overnight while en route to Badrinath.
- Garur: It is the main market in Baijnath region with plenty of shops.
Accommodation in Baijnath
There are not many good hotels or resorts in Baijnath, most of the hotels are of budget quality offering very basic standard of stay. There is one KMVN Guest house which offers good and budget accommodation with good rooms with all modern amenities which can be availed at cheap rates.
Mostly tourists stay in Kausani and then come to visit Baijnath and Bageshwar as excursions. You can check Kausani hotels for more options for stay.
Best time to visit Baijnath
September to May are the best time to visit Baijnath. Baijnath is pleasant during summers (March to May) with temperature between 25 degree Celsius and 11 degree Celsius. In winter (November-January) temperature ranges between 15 degree Celsius and 2 degree Celsius.
Location of Baijnath Temples
Baijnath is located in Kumaon region of Uttarakhand, just 300 kms from capital Dehradun, 17 kms from Kausani, 26 kms from Bageshwar, 132 kms from Nainital, 70 kms from Almora, 76 kms from Ranikhet, 151 kms from Haldwani.
Nearest Railway Station: Kathgodam Railway station is 144 kms.
Nearest Airport: Pantnagar (currently dysfunct) 175 kms.
Nearest International Airport: Indira Gandhi International Airport of Delhi is 436 kms.