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Khatima is one of the most important town of Udham Singh Nagar district of Uttarakhand state. Khatima is also one of the business hub of Kumaon region. Khatima is well connected by major transportation facilities with popular destinations of northern India. Khatima is inhabited by Kumaoni, Sikhs and Muslim peoples and the popular languages spoken here are Hindi, English and Kumaoni. The town of Khatima is very near to Indo-Nepal border. The distance from Delhi to Khatima can be easily covered in 8hours of time. Khatima houses a hydel powerhouse at Lohiahead on river Sharda with a capacity of 41.4 MW. The climate of Khatima is equivalent to the city in plains. It’s hot and humid in summers and cold during winters. Khatima comes under the ‘terai’ region of the Himalayas. Khatima was previously known as Tharwat which means home of the Tharu tribe. In the year 1947, the Government of India allotted some part of the land in this area to migrants from Pakistan.