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Rudrapur is an important city in the district of Udham Singh Nagar in Uttarakhand and also the direct headquarters. According to legend, King Rudra was stuck in a swampy land while passing through this place on his chariot. He then decided to construct a temple and a well in this place. People say that it is the Atariya temple that was built by King Rudra. Located on the Rudrapur-Haldwani route, this temple has great importance. During Navratra, a large fair is held and hundreds of pilgrims throng the place to seek blessings of Goddess Atariya. The fair is held continuously for 10 days.
Rudrapur what we know today was originally established as a refugee camp for people coming from Pakistan, West Punjab and Burma in 1960. The Terai region was then not fit for human civilization as it was occupied by wild animals that would often attack human beings. The administration then distributed small pieces of land to several families and encouraged them to start cultivation and make it for human existence.
Today, Rudrapur, the district headquarters of Udham Singh Nagar is a beautiful little own with all modern facilities. About 70% of the population depends upon agriculture and related vocations. It is also famous for its high quality rice. Along with agriculture, Rudrapur is also an industrial area. Industries like Delta, Britannia, Nestle, Ashok Leyland, Bajaj Auto, Zhandu Pharma, Dabur and Tata Motors have set up their industries here. Rudrapur has several good schools and colleges to boast of. Columbus Public School, Jaycees Public School, The Oxford Academy, R.A.N.Public School, Holy Child School, Amenity Public School, Bal Bharti Vidhya Mandir are some pf the important schools of this region. Studens can pursue higher studies in colleges like Shaheed Bhagat Singh Government P.G.College, Saraswati Institute of Management & Techonology (SIMT) Guru Nanak Degree College.