History of Mussoorie
Tempted by the exceptional beauty of the hills of Mussoorie, Lt. Frederick Young of East India Company had decided to built a hunting lodge on the Camel’s Back Road along with F.J. Shore, the Magistrate of Doon in 1823. Frederick also formulated the first Gurkha Regiment at Mussoorie and did potato farming, for the first time in the valley.
In 1832, Mussoorie became the ground of the Great Trigonometric Survey of India, which began at the southern tip of India. George Everest, then Surveyor-General of India, after which the Mount Everest has been named wanted to establish the new office of Survey of India at Mussoorie. But his wish was declined and it was set up in Dehradun.
During the chaos of 1959 Tibetan Rebellion, the Central Tibetan Administration of the 14th Dalai Lama was first established in Mussoorie, whose present location is in Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh. In 1960, the first Tibetan School was established in Mussoorie and the Happy Valley became the home of many Tibetans.