Mussoorie - The Queen of Hills

Located at a distance of 35 kms from Dehradun, Mussoorie is a wonderful hill station in Uttarakhand situated at a height of 2005 mts above the sea level. It is situated at the foothills of the Himalayas and is known as the Queen of the Hills.

Mussoorie derives its name from the plants of Mussoorie or shrub mansoor which are available in large quantities in this region. The history of Mussoorie dates back to 1825 when a shooting lodge was constructed jointly by Captain Young, an adventurous British military officer and Mr Shore the Superintendent of Revenues at Dehradun.

Why Visit Mussoorie?

The lush green hills, the varied flora and fauna and the majestic view of the Shivalik ranges and the Doon Valley attracts thousands of tourists both domestic and international to Mussoorie each year. Mussoorie is famous not only for its scenic beauty but it has also developed into an important centre of education and business. Mussoorie is also famous for the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration where officers are trained for the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service.

Sightseeing around Mussoorie

Mussoorie has several interesting tourist places like The Mall which extends from Cloud's End in the west to Rockville in the east. The Mall gives you a feeling of the old world charm which is heightened by the presence of the Municipal garden, the Tibetan School and Home, and the National Academy of Administration. 

You can take time to enjoy the ropeway on the second highest peak of Mussoorie, the Gun Hill. It also gives a bird's eye view of the town and the Doon school. You can get a panoramic view of the Himalayan ranges from the Gun Hill. The wonderful 4km stretch from Kurli Bazaar to Library Point called the Camel's Back Rock is a superb experience whether you travel on horse back or simply walk. 

About 6 kms from Mussoorie on the Mussoorie-Jharipani Road is the beautiful Jharipani Falls. Childer's Lodge is the highest peak of Mussoorie while the highest point is Lal Tibba from where you can get an exhilarating view of the snow-clad Himalayas. Surrounded by thick deodar forests, Cloud End is an ideal resort built in 1838 by a British major. Honeymooners and foreigners visit this place often. While in Mussoorie, you must visit Kempty Falls which is 15kms from Mussoorie on way to Yamunotri, at an altitude of 4500 ft.

Mussoorie is also known as the gateway to Yamunotri and Gangotri. The nearest railway station is Dehradun and the nearest airport is Jolly Grant in Dehradun

History of Mussoorie

Tempted by the exceptional beauty of the hills of Mussoorie, Lt. Frederick Young of East India Company had decided to built a hunting lodge on the Camel’s Back Road along with F.J. Shore, the Magistrate of Doon in 1823. Frederick also formulated the first Gurkha Regiment at Mussoorie and did potato farming, for the first time in the valley. 

In 1832, Mussoorie became the ground of the Great Trigonometric Survey of India, which began at the southern tip of India. George Everest, then Surveyor-General of India, after which the Mount Everest has been named wanted to establish the new office of Survey of India at Mussoorie. But his wish was declined and it was set up in Dehradun. 

During the chaos of 1959 Tibetan Rebellion, the Central Tibetan Administration of the 14th Dalai Lama was first established in Mussoorie, whose present location is in Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh. In 1960, the first Tibetan School was established in Mussoorie and the Happy Valley became the home of many Tibetans.

Mussoorie Weather - Mussoorie Climate Best Time to Visit

Mussoorie is a popular cool summer retreat in India. The climate is cool and pleasant all through the year here.

  • Summers (April to June) in Mussoorie: remain very favourable. Because of its high altitude, the hill resort escapes the extreme heat of summer season. The temperature rises to a maximum of 30°C and the minimum temperature is recorded at 10°C during this season. Light woollens are advisable during this season.
  • Generally winters (late October to mid-February) in Mussoorie: are very cold and spine-chilling. The mercury level may drop down to a minimum of 1°C during the nights. Days remain slightly foggy, with the sun being mild and placid. The temperature reaches to a maximum of 10°C during the daytime. Sometimes, occasional snowfall might lead to road-blocks in winters.
  • Monsoons in Mussoorie: The place experiences heavy downpour during the monsoon season (July to September). It makes the roads unsuitable for trekking and driving. The sky attains a mauvish tinge and mountains remain covered with sheets of mist. With the onset of the spring season in end-September, the place reaches its apogee of beauty.

Best Time to Visit

Best season to go Mussoorie is March to June and September to November. Summers are the best times to have trekking, rock climbing and camping. Read Mussoorie Weather guide.

Mussoorie is famous for?

Mussoorie is famous among tourist as Hill Station.

Mussoorie is recommended destination for Corporates, Couples, Family and Kids, Foreigners, Groups, Solo.

Mussoorie is popular destination for following activities/ interests - Christmas and New Year, Hill Station, Historical, Honeymoon Destination, Leisure, Ropeways, Shopping, View Points, Weekend Getaway.

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