Jim Corbett National Park and Tiger Reserve

The Jim Corbett National Park is situated in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand and is the oldest national park in India which got established in 1936 by the name of Hailey National park. After India's independence the park was named as Ramganga National Park but later in 1956, it was renamed after Jim Corbett - the famous hunter turned conservationist and author, who played a major role in the establishment of the national park. Jim Corbett National park is one of the renowned Wildlife Sanctuary in India and is popular for the Royal Bengal tiger present in the sanctuary.

Flora and Fauna in Corbett

The park contains 488 different species of plants and wide variety of wild life including Elephants, Tigers, Chital, Sambar Deer, Nilgai, Gharial, King Cobra, Muntjac, wild boar, Hedgehog, common Musk Shrew, Flying fox, Indian Pangolin, and around 600 different species of birds. Jim Corbett National Park covers an area of 521sq. kms.

Corbett National Park acts as a protected area of critically endangered Bengal Tiger of India. Corbett National Park is one of the best managed and protected areas in the country and attracts thousands of Indian and Foreign visitors each year. the park is situated at the foothills of Himalayan belt and has various geographical and ecological characteristics with splendid landscapes. There are four gates which acts as entrance to the Park, which are Amdanda gate, Dhangarhi gate, Khara gate and Durga devi gate. If you are an adventure freak, bird watcher, angler, or animal lover then Jim Corbett National Park is the ideal place for you.

Please Note: It is always advisable to book safaris prior to arrival, especially during weekends as there are only 60 vehicles allowed inside the Corbett National Park at a time. Depending on the number of guests, the estimated cost of safari vehicles will be between Rs 2600 - Rs 4000. Guests can directly contact the hotels and book their safaris.

Safari Zones and Gates in Corbett National Park

JhirnaA densely wooded and grassland habitat, it makes for excellent bird viewing. The Great Hornbill is found in abundance here. Jhirna is home to a population of sloth bear and wild elephants and a growing tiger population. A large grove of 'Flame of the forest' adds drama to Jhirna. A strong prey base of nilgai, cheetal, sambhar and the wild boar also makes it an attractive area for the big cats, while a resident wild elephant and sloth bear population offer great sighting opportunities.

Bijrani: These forests range from those of pure Sal on the upper reaches, to deciduous mixed forests in the valley, along with three major grasslands. It sustains a variety of herbivores, and has a wide network of jungle roads, making Bijrani excellent tiger sighting territory. carved out of a shooting block, with a wide network of criss-crossing jungle roads, offers excellent tiger sighting opportunity. On Corbett's eastern boundary, Bijrani's forests are dense with a wide variety of vegetation: of pure Sal forests on the upper reaches and tropical moist, deciduous mixed forests in the valley and plains. Excellent water availability throughout the year and wide grasslands make it an exceptional habitat for a strong prey base and its predator.

DhikalaThis is the largest and most varied zone in Corbett, offering the best opportunities for overnight stays. Dhikala contains a diverse range of habitats: its higher reaches suit Ghoral, a goat antelope, while the Gharial and Maggars, as well as the great Mahaseer, inhabit the rivers below. The hog deer is also exclusive to Dhikala. Dhikala offers the most varied terrain in all and, if booked well in advance, the widest range of Forest Rest House accommodations in the park. This block of forest has the Ramganga river stretch through its middle, emptying into a wide, multiple-necked reservoir.

Durga Devi: This range is famous for bird watching and fishing 'Mahasheer', a large fish species. Durga Devi is at north-east corner of Corbett Park, birds species like maroon orile, great headed fishing eagle, little forktail and many more. Mandal and Ramganga river in this forest attracts wild elephants, leopards and Tigers.

Sonanadi: A centre range in the Corbet National Park, Sonanadi range is famous for wildlife beauty with amazing flora and fauna. Over 550 species of birds are recorded here with leopard, tiger, cheetal, sambhar and raptiles.

Phato: This zone provides buffer forest to southern Corbett, comprising mostly of plantation forests.

Activities in Corbett National Park

Jungle Safari: One of the most preferred activities for which tourists come to Jim Corbett is the Jungle Safari with options like Elephant Safari, Jeep Safari and Canter Safari. Tourists are offered jeep rides traversing through the jungle where they could spot wild animals like elephants, deer, langurs, leopards, crocodiles any many more. If one is lucky enough, the king of the jungle, the Bengal tiger could make a royal entrance. For more adventurous travelers, elephant safari is an option.     

Wildlife Photography: Corbett National Park is a haven for wildlife enthusiasts. All you need is a digital camera and one can capture stunning photographs of variety of flora and fauna in wild. Although for capturing a perfect shot of the tiger, one has to have enormous patience.   

Fishing: The catchment area offers Ramganga River offers various opportunities for catching fishes. Quite a few licensed fishing camps are set up on the banks of the river for angling especially catching Mahseer fishes.

Rafting: For adventurous souls, rafting in the rapid and turbulent waters of Ram Ganga River is quite a thrilling experience. There are grade I and II rapids at Jim Corbett park. However, rafting season at Jim Corbett is permitted only in the monsoons.

Staying in Corbett National Park

Being one of the famous wildlife sanctuaries in India, thousands of wildlife enthusiasts visit Corbett National Park in Ramnagar. There are plenty of accommodations available in and around the park where one can relax and rejuvenate with their friends and family amidst the lap of nature. These include luxurious hotels and resorts equipped with high-end amenities to budget guest houses, cottages and camps.

Click here for Corbett National Park Hotels

Corbett National Park Food Guide

Since Corbett National Park is a Tiger reserve, restaurants are not permitted inside the protected area. One can find plenty of eating options outside the protected zone. Resorts have in-house restaurants and bar that serve all kinds of delectable cuisines from North Indian, Continental, Chinese, Mughlai and much more. Apart from this one can also try the local Kumaoni dishes.

History of Corbett National Park

Initially, some of the areas of the Corbett National Park were a part of the princely Tehri Garhwal dynasty. The dense forests were cleared to make the area less vulnerable to the Rohilla invaders. In order to banish the Gurkhas from his domain, the Raja of Tehri renounced some part of his princely state to the East India Company. 

Boksas, a tribe from Terai region then settled here and began farming until the early 1860s, but with the introduction of the British Rule, they were forced to leave. The first step for protecting the area was taken in 1868, with the birth of the British Forest Department, who prohibited cultivation here. The operation of the cattle stations came under Major Ramsay, the British Officer who was in-charge of the area during that time. 

In 1879, the forests were constituted into a reserve forest. In the early years of the 1900s, several Britishers including E.R Stevans and E.A. Smythies suggested that a national park should be built in this place. The British administration then came up with the idea of setting up a game reserve in 1907.

In 1930s, when the authorities came up with the plan of demarcation of the area, Jim Corbett assisted them, as he knew the area well. In 1936, when Sir Malcolm Hailey was the Governor of the United Provinces, a reserve by the name of Hailey National Park, sprawling over 323.75 km2 (125.00 sq mi) gave birth to Asia's first national park. After that strict guidelines and laws were made against killing and capturing of mammals, reptiles and birds within the park’s boundaries. In the midst of 1954-55, the reserve was renamed as Ramganga National Park and its name was again changed in 1955-56 and was kept as Corbett National Park to honour the well-known author and wildlife conservationist, Jim Corbett who played a vital role in creating the reserve, by persuading the provincial government for establishing it. 

Sadly, during the bloodshed of the Second World War, the area of Corbett National Park witnessed excessive poaching and timber cutting. But in 1991, about 797.72 km2 (308.00 sq mi) area was added as a buffer zone to the Corbett Tiger Reserve, which included the entire Kalagarh forest division, assimilating the 301.18 km2 (116.29 sq mi) area of Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary as a part of the Kalagarh division. In 1974, it was chosen as the site for launching a noble and ambitious wildlife conservation project called the Project Tiger. At present, the Corbett National Park's headquarters are based in Nainital district, from where it is administered.

Corbett Weather - Season and Best Time to Visit

The climate in the Corbett National Park is temperate. Corbett National Park closes during the monsoon rainy season from Mid June to Mid November.

  • Summers- (March to June): touch 40°C and the average temperature is about 30°C. Tourists can move around the Park during this season. The scorching heat of the sun becomes quite unbearable for the animals as well as the inhabitants.
  • Monsoons- (July to September) offer heavy rainfall: there can be light rainfall intermittently through the whole year. The weather becomes quite pleasant with the drop in temperature. The major regions of Corbett are closed for the tourists during the rainy season because this is primarily the mating season of most of the animals. However, the Jhirna (gate) region of the park is open throughout the year and tourist can visit and enjoy rainy season with wildlife safari.
  • Winters- (December to February): Have a temperature variation of 5 to 25°C. Winter mornings are foggy and the months range from November to February which are ideal to explore the bounds of the park. During this time, the park heartily welcomes all the tourists. The weather is balmy during this time of the year.

Best period to visit here is from November to June, mainly before and after heavy monsoon. November to June is good for spotting animals and also to enjoy the scenic surroundings. July to October is good for sight seeing in the downhill region.

Jim Corbett National Park Tariff

Day visit entry fee for Bijrani, Sonanadi, Jhirna, Domunda/Durga Devi (per person/per visit for 4 hrs)Rs 200/- Indian, Rs 1000/- Foreigner
Vehicle Fee (Light Vehicle to Heavy Vehicle)Rs 500/- to 1500/- (Depends on vehicle)
Photography (Commercial)Rs 500/- Indian, Rs 1500/- Foreigner
Elephant Ride (per person for 2 hrs)Rs 300/- Indian, Rs 1000/- Foreigner
Elephant Safari (for a day)Rs 3000/-
Ramganaga Conducted TourRs 1000/- Indian, Rs 2000/- Foreigner

For Latest Corbett National Park Tariffs in details: Click Here

Check out the official website of Corbett National Park for booking of Safari in Jhirna, Dhikala and Bijrani Zones: http://corbettonline.uk.gov.in

  • Please keep in mind, that there is no fuel station beyond Ramnagar. So one should refuel their vehicles before entering the park. Driving off track is not permitted and gates are closed by evening. 
  • This is a national park and a tiger reserve and not a zoo, so animals move freely inside the park at will. Please don’t expect wildlife everywhere and every time.   
  • Out of four safari zones in Jim Corbett National Park, only Jhirna zone is open to tourists during the monsoons. The influx of tourists is less during the monsoons; hence, one can enjoy the serenity that captivates the beautiful tiger reserve. 
  • Be a responsible tourist and abide by the guidelines outlined by the authorities. 

Corbett National Park is famous for?

Corbett National Park is famous among tourist as Wildlife, Tiger Reserve and Jungle Safari.

Corbett National Park is recommended destination for Corporates, Couples, Family and Kids, Foreigners, Groups.

Corbett National Park is popular destination for following activities/ interests - Adventure, Angling, Bird Watching, Christmas and New Year, Honeymoon Destination, Leisure, National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries, Safari, Weekend Getaway, Wildlife Tourism.

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